Low Amine Ingredient Substitutions

I will add more ingredient substitutions as I come across things that need substituting! If you have suggestions, or have altered the recipes and like them better, let me know – I’d love to hear from you. Also… can anyone think of a good coconut (and coconut oil, coconut milk) substitute? They’ve got me stumped. For now.

Almond Substitute

  • Pistachio
  • Filbert  / Hazelnut
Artichoke Substitute, pureed
  • Sunchoke / Jerusalem artichoke (FYI – Cook these about twice as long as you’d think would be necessary. They have a starch in them that is indigestible by humans, so needs to be cooked out or it will cause gas and bloating)
Barbeque Sauce Substitute (BBQ Sauce)
Beef Broth
Broccoli Substitute
  • Brussels sprouts
Cheese Substitute, aged
  • Mozzarella
  • Feta (good Parmesan substitute for tangy cheese flavor in well mixed dishes. I use feta in my low amine pesto.)
  • Goat Cheese
  • Cream Cheese
Chicken Stock
Chocolate Substitute, 1 tsp
  • 2 1/2 tsp Carob
Hot Sauce Substitute
  • Fresh chilies (minced/pureed and frozen for storage)
  • Note: Still a high amine food, but lower in amines than hot sauce or dried peppers… For those of us that can’t live without spice.
Ketchup Substitute

Kiwi Substitute
  • Kiwi berries
Lemon Substitute
  • Lime (whole lemon substitute, or lemon juice substitute)
Lemon Juice Substitute
  • Mix together:
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • Just shy of 1/2 tsp ascorbic acid
Mirin Substitute
  • Mix together:
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • 2 tsp maple syrup
  • 1/2 tsp ascorbic acid
  • 1/4 tsp apple juice
  • 2 1/2 tsp sugar
Olive Oil Substitute
  • Canola oil
  • Safflower oil
  • Soy oil
Orange Juice Substitute, 1 C
  • Mix together:
  • 1/4 C lime juice
  • 1/4 C water
  • 1/2 C mango or apricot juice
Peanut Substitute (roasted)
  • Soybeans (roasted)
Pine Nut Substitute
  • Toasted cashews
Pork Substitute
  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Buffalo
Raisin Substitute, 1 Tbsp
  • 1 Tbsp Dried Cranberry (still moderate/high in amines due to drying process, but lower than raisins)
Sake Substitute (for cooking, as the appearance is not similar)
  • Mix together:
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • 1/4 tsp sugar
  • 1 Tbsp vodka
  • 1/2 tsp blueberry juice
  • 1 1/2 tsp apple juice
  • 1/16 tsp white pepper
Salmon Substitute, fillet
  • Halibut
  • Sea Bass
Sesame Seeds
  • Finely chopped, toasted cashews
Sesame Oil Substitute
Sour Cream Substitute
Soy Sauce Substitute
Tomato Substitute, 1 large (creating a solid tomato substitute is difficult, but here are some ideas you can play with in your tomato-free cooking)
  • (cooked) 1/2 Granny Smith apple & 1/2 large red onion
  • papaya (moderate amines)
  • mango
  • carrot
  • beet & squash/pumpkin/sweet potato
  • cranberry
  • pear
Vegetable stock
Worcestershire Substitute
Apple Cider Vinegar
  • 1 Tbsp apple juice
  • Just shy of 1/4 tsp ascorbic acid

Balsamic vinegar

  • 4 Tbsp blueberry juice, reduced over high heat to 2 Tbsp
  • 1/2 tsp ascorbic acid
  • 1/4 tsp molasses
  • 1 tsp vodka
  • 1/4 tsp lime juice
Malt Vinegar
  • 2 Tbsp apple juice
  • 1 tsp ascorbic acid
  • 1 tsp lime juice
  • 1/4 tsp honey
Red Wine Vinegar
  • 1 Tbsp blueberry juice
  • 1 tsp vodka
  • just shy of 1/2 tsp ascorbic acid
  • 1/4 tsp loosely packed brown sugar
Rice Vinegar
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • 1 tsp apple juice
  • 1/4 tsp ascorbic acid
Rice Vinegar (Seasoned)
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • 3/4 tsp maple syrup
  • 1/2 tsp ascorbic acid
  • 1/4 tsp apple juice
  • 1 Tbsp apple juice
  • 1 tsp vanilla
  • 1/4 tsp ascorbic acid
White Wine Vinegar
  • 1 Tbsp water
  • 1/4 tsp ascorbic acid
Published on September 22, 2011 at 8:46 pm  Comments (15)  

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15 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. […] 1 Tbsp vinegar (your preference, but I use half white and half apple cider vinegar… OR, use a vinegar substitute) […]

  2. […] Sherry & Vinegar Substitutes, Combined: […]

  3. […] 1/2 Tbsp mirin To Make a Mirin […]

  4. […] I love sukiyaki. It’s one of my favorite Japanese dishes, and it’s rarely up to snuff when I order it out at a restaurant. However, it’s also incredibly easy to make at home. If you’re capable of chopping and boiling, you can make sukiyaki. The sauce ingredients for sukiyaki are all traditionally high amine (sake, soy sauce, etc), so here I’m using my low-amine soy sauce substitute, low-amine sesame oil substitute, and low-amine sake substitute. […]

  5. I haven’t tried it yet, but i noticed that lime has a coconutty tang to it so for a coconut milk substitution, maybe some lime juice in full cream milk? (i’m no expert but i don’t think lime is high in amines?) I intend to try it tonight because my partner seems to be Tyramine intolerant and I want to make beef rendang (Malaysian dry curried beef), but speaking of which does anybody know how safe slow cooking beef in milk would be?

    • Not sure about slow cooking beef in milk, but I have a coconut milk substitute I’ve been working on that starts with rice milk as a base, and it’s quite good. Give me a couple days and I will post it. :)

  6. Hi :), thanks for your reply….I made a chicken breast curry last night using different yummy (safe i think) herbs and spices, rice milk and tamarind and it was beautiful :) – I even made my own wholewheat Indian flat bread to go with it nom nom!!

    • Yum!!! That sounds delicious! I put the coconut milk substitution on my “to do” list for today, so hopefully I will be able to get to making it today so you have it for future reference. I’d love the recipe to your curry, too, if you have it!

      Michelle Ferris
      Low Amine Recipes

  7. Hey :)
    Thanks for your reply.
    It’s a dry curry and from memory I diced up some chicken breast and mixed it with cinnamon, bay leaves, salt and pepper, Chinese five spice, ginger and possibly tarragon lol I just used whatever I had in the house and then put it in the fridge for a short time. Then I sautéed some garlic, chilli and tamarind in sunflower oil, browned the chicken a bit and added the rice milk, squeezed a little lime in and stirred until the chicken was cooked and the rice milk has basically disappeared and there you have it!! I used a recipe for parathas to do the Indian flatbread….

    • Sounds incredible! I’m going to have to mess around and make something like this. Yum! Thank you!

  8. The rice milk and lime sounds like a great idea… Will have to try it. Scouring the internet, a couple more suggestions are evapourated milk (with lime i would guess), or yoghurt. I guess it depends on what type of dish you are making.
    I seem to be able to tollerate dessicated coconut… Some sub suggestions are boiling coconut flakes in milk/ milk substitute.
    I hope that helps

  9. Hi, I’m venturing onto a low-amine diet after trying low-histamine with mixed results (was still eating sweet potato and coconut milk and reacting to both) to see if I can heal my month-long bout of hives…every low-amine list I find on the internet seems to be different, and I thought olive oil and coconut oil were safe…but reacted to coconut oil yesterday. Do you have a low-amine list you believe is the best to recommend to me?

  10. Almonds are listed as low amine on the list I was given. In the same category as pistachio. http://www.millhousemedical.co.nz/files/docs/factsheet_7_amines_in_foods.pdf

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